Sustainable agriculture demands innovative approaches to reduce nitrogen inputs without compromising yields. Leveraging the intricate interplay between plants and Bacilli species presents a promising avenue to enhance nutrient acquisition and mitigate nitrogen constraints in agricultural systems. This study focuses on unraveling the mechanisms underlying these interactions to support the development of low nitrogen input strategies.
Nitrogen deficiency poses a global challenge, impacting food security and environmental equilibrium. Bacilli, known for their potential as bioinoculants, offer a unique pathway to enhance nutrient availability and optimize plant growth. Through field trials, molecular analyses, and microbial ecology assessments, this research probes the multifaceted roles Bacilli play in nitrogen-limited environments.
The investigation encompasses Bacilli-mediated nitrogen fixation, modulation of root architecture through phytohormone production, nutrient solubilization, and stress tolerance enhancement. By comprehending these interactions, the study informs the design of microbial-based approaches for sustainable agriculture. Unveiling Bacilli’s contributions to overcoming nitrogen limitations contributes to the quest for reduced nitrogen fertilization while securing global food production. Embracing plant-Bacilli interactions catalyzes a transformative shift toward efficient, ecologically harmonious, and resilient agricultural systems.